The Science Behind The NanoKnife System
Irreversible Electroporation (IRE) is a technique using a non-thermal energy to create permanent nanopores in the cell membrane to disrupt cellular homeostasis. The disruption of cellular homeostasis initiates an apoptotic-like effect which leads to permanent cell death. After delivering a sufficient number of high voltage pulses, the cells within the electrical field will be irreversibly damaged.5
5 Lee EW, Thai S, Kee ST. Irreversible electroporation: a novel image-guided cancer therapy. Gut Liver. (2010);4(SUPPL. 1):99–104. doi: 10.5009/gnl.2010.4.S1.S99.
INDICATION FOR USE: US: The NanoKnife System with six outputs is indicated for
surgical ablation of soft tissue.
INDICATION FOR USE: CE: The NanoKnife System is a medical device for cell membrane electroporation. Electroporation is a phenomenon that occurs in cell membranes as cells are exposed to an electrical field of sufficiently high intensity. The electric field acts as a physical stimulus, bringing about alterations in cell membranes that result in increased permeability.
CONTRAINDICATIONS: Ablation procedures using the NanoKnife System are contraindicated in the following cases: • Ablation of lesions in the thoracic area in the presence of implanted cardiac pacemakers or defibrillators • Ablation of lesions in the vicinity of implanted electronic devices or implanted devices with metal parts. • Ablation of lesions of the eyes, including the eyelids. • Patient history of Epilepsy or Cardiac Arrhythmia • Recent history of Myocardial Infarction.
POTENTIAL ADVERSE EFFECTS: Adverse effects that may be associated with the use of the NanoKnife System include, but are not limited to the following: • Arrhythmia • Atrial fibrillation or flutter • Bigeminy • Bradycardia • Heart block or atrioventricular block • Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia • Tachycardia o Reflex tachycardia o Ventricular tachycardia • Ventricular fibrillation • Damage to critical anatomical structure (nerve, vessel, and/or duct) • Fistula formation • Hematoma • Hemorrhage • Hemothorax • Infection • Pneumothorax • Reflex Hypertension • Unintended mechanical perforation • Vagal Stimulation, asystole • Venous Thrombosis
Refer to Directions for Use and/or User Manual provided with the product for complete Instructions, Warnings, Precautions, Possible Adverse Effects and Contraindications. Observe all instructions for use prior to use. Failure to do so may result in patient complications. CAUTION: Federal Law (USA) restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a physician.
AngioDynamics, the AngioDynamics logo, NanoKnife and the NanoKnife logo are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of AngioDynamics, Inc., an affiliate or subsidiary. © 2020 AngioDynamics, Inc. GL/ON/WP/115 REV 01 03/20